Horse Betting Terminologies

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Every horse shares a "birthday" of January first. A horse becomes one year old on the first of January after he or she is born, and turns two, one year later - regardless of the actual date of his or her birth.

Allowance Race
A race other than claiming for which the racing secretary drafts certain conditions to determine weights.

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Blanket Finish
Or photo-finish in which two or more horses are very close at the finish line (one can "throw a blanket over them"). Very common in American Quarter Horse racing.

When a horse gallops, instead of trotting or pacing, it's on a break. The driver must get the horse out of the way of the others, must not improve his position, and must attempt to get the horse back on its proper gait. A horse is not automatically disqualified by making a break.

A racetrack with either a half-mile or 5/8ths mile oval.

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Claiming Race
Race in which horses are entered subject to claim for a specified price.

A male horse, age three or under.

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Daily Double
A type of wager calling for the selection of winners of two consecutive races, usually the first and second.

Dead Heat
A tie. Two or more horses finishing equal in a race.

A stakes event for three-year-olds.

The amount that a winning or placed horse returns for every $1 that was bet.

Double Quinella
A wager type that requires the selection of the first two finishers, regardless of order, in each of the two specified contests. This wager type is also known as quinella double.

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A horse entered in a race is called an entry. On rare occasions, two or more horses are said to be coupled and run as an entry, comprising a single wagering unit. A wager on one horse of an entry is a wager on both.

A wager that picks the first two finishers in a race in the exact order of finish. Also referred to as Perfecta.

Exacta Box
A wager in which all possible combinations using a given number of horses are covered.

Any wager other than win, place or show.

The amount of money one actually stands to lose on a game or race.

Forced to run at top speed.

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